Temporary Work Permits-Canada
- 1 General Comments
- 2 Advantages of Temporary Work Permits
- 3 Disadvantages of TWPs
- 4 Work Permit application process
- 5 Where to apply
- 6 Jobs that require TWP but not LMO
- 7 Jobs that do not require a Work Permit
- 8 International Experience Canada (formerly Working Holiday Visas)
- 9 Live-in Care Giver Program
- In order for you to qualify for a  (TWP), you usually have to have a job offer on which Human Resources and Social Development Canada (HRSDC)/ ESDC has passed a favourable Labour_Market_Impact_Assessment (LMIA).
- HRSDC will issue an LMIA if it has satisfied itself that the employer, after exhausting all reasonable possibilities, has been unable to find a qualified Canadian resident to fill a position.
- This usually means that the employer has advertised the position across Canada for at least two weeks in the last three months.
- There are two checklists for the work permit applications, it depends which web site you go on. www.canada.org.uk has a more comprehensive list to the one on the www.cic.gc.ca Using the cic checklist could result in your application needing further documentation being requested later while waiting for your application to be processed.
- in regard to the police checks on these checklists on the IRCC list it states that the certificate must have been issued no more than three months before you submit your application and on the canada.org.uk it states Original police certificate (or UK Disclosure) issued during the past twelve months under the heading of Nurses, Doctors and other medical professionals so I would make sure that it meets the CIC requirements to be sure.
Advantages of Temporary Work Permits
- Temporary work permits usually are issued much more quickly than permanent residence visas (usually in months rather than years).
- Your spouse and children may accompany you when you go to Canada on a work permit. See CIC's web page entitled Working temporarily in Canada: Arriving
- The spouse of a work permit holder receives a break that most foreigners do not get. Unlike other foreigners, he/she may apply for a work permit from inside Canada rather than having to apply from outside Canada.
- If you come to Canada on a work permit and your job is listed in Skill Level 0, A or B in the National Occupational Classification Matrix, your spouse will be able to work through the Spousal Program. That is, he/she will be able to apply for Spousal Open Work Permit (SOWP). He/she will be able to apply for any kind of job in Canada, and the employer offering him/her the job with not have to secure an LMO from HRSDC. But your spouse should be aware that it will take him/her a couple of months to get as SOWP if he/she applies in Canada. For that reason, it would be better if he/she lodged his/her work permit application with yours, before he/she came to Canada.
- The spouse of a fulltime university student who is in Canada on a study permit also is entitled to a spousal open work permit.
- Most government-funded school jurisdictions treat children of work permit holders like other residents of Canada. That is, they provide them with schooling that essentially is free. You may apply for Study Permits for the minor children who are accompanying you to Canada if you wish. However, in most instances that will not be necessary. They will be allowed to register in school just like other residents of Canada.
Disadvantages of TWPs
- A temporary work permit usually is issued with restrictions. It is common for a temporary work permit to be issued for a finite period of time, say one year or two years. It is, after all, temporary.
- It also is common for a temporary work permit to tie you to a specific employer. That is, the WP is valid only as long as your employment with the specified employer continues. If your relationship with that employer is severed for any reason, your work permit no longer is valid.
- There are a few jurisdictions that treat children of work permit holders like foreign students. As such they charge them tuition in the order of C$10,000 / student / year. It would be prudent to check how the municipality to which you will be moving handles children of work permit holders.
- If you have teenagers, one of the disadvantages of moving to Canada on a work permit is that your children will not be allowed to work at a stage when many young people like to earn extra spending money through part-time jobs. The BE forum has witnessed instances in which teenagers have been so unhappy about this that the family has returned to the UK.
- Moving to Canada on a temporary work permit is not without its risks, especially if you "burn your bridges" (by, for example, selling your UK home and buying a Canadian home). Employment relationships between Canadian companies and work permit holders have been known to unravel for any one of a number of reasons. Since your work permit's validity usually is subject to your being employed by a specific organization, your work permit collapses if your employment relationship terminates for any reason. This is particularly relevant given the current recession in Canada - we have seen many people being made redundant when on a TWP on the forums. It is the route most people have to take to get to Canada, but those who do so should be aware that it is not without risk in the current economic climate. We have seen a few cases of those that have sold houses, taken children out of school, resigned from jobs, etc, for a job in Canada - and then the job offer has been retracted even before the worker leaves for Canada.
- Notwithstanding the fact that a temporary work permit has certain limitations, many British expats use the TWP route as a way of getting into Canada. Once they have secured work permits, they apply for permanent residence as skilled workers.
Work Permit application process
To apply for a temporary work permit, you need:
- A job offer from a Canadian employer.
- A positive labour market opinion (LMO) that your prospective employer has secured from Human Resources and Social Development Canada. HRSDC issue a positive LMO if they are satisfied that the employer has been unable to find a willing and able Canadian resident to fill the position. This means, amongst other things, that the employer has advertised the job across Canada for three months and has found no qualified Canadian residents. Here is the section of the CIC website that provides information for Canadian employers.
- A completed application for a temporary work permit.
- To satisfy a visa officer that you will leave Canada when your work permit expires.
- To demonstrate that you have enough money to support yourself and your family while you are in Canada.
You may need to:
- Provide a police clearance certificate (although, in the normal course of events, this is not required of work permit applicants).
- Undergo a medical examination (but this requirement usually applies only to people who want to work amongst vulnerable populations, e.g., in hospitals, schools, childcare centres, etc.).
Where to apply
- Under different circumstances, you may apply for a temporary work permit from outside of Canada, from inside of Canada, or when you arrive at a Canadian port of entry.
- To find out more about the possibilities and the pros and cons, please read the BE Wiki article called [WP : Where to apply].
Jobs that require TWP but not LMO
- Workers covered under international agreements
- Professionals, traders, investors and business people coming to Canada to work under certain international agreements
- Entrepreneurs and intra-company transferees
- Some types of entrepreneurs, workers transferring within a company, and other types of workers who will provide significant benefit to Canadians or permanent residents by working in Canada
- Participants in exchange programs
- People whose employment in Canada will provide similar employment to Canadians abroad, such as participants in youth exchange programs, teacher exchange programs or other reciprocal programs
- Co-op students
- Foreign students who are studying in Canada and who need to do co-op work placements as part of their program of study
- Spouses and common-law partners of certain foreign workers, spouses and common-law partners of certain foreign students, and spouses and common-law partners of work permit holders doing post-graduate employment
- Certain academics and students
- Religious workers
- People doing charitable or religious work
- Certain people who need to support themselves while they are in Canada for other reasons such as the refugee determination process
- For more details, please see CIC's web page about Jobs that require a work permit but no labour market opinion.
- Some Information Technology Workers, especially some software developers, did not need a positive LMO from HRSDC before applying for a temporary work permit. However, the various simplified processes in this respect have now ended.
Jobs that do not require a Work Permit
You may not need a work permit if you fall into one of the following categories:
- Athletes and coaches
- Aviation accident or incident investigators
- Business visitors
- Civil aviation inspectors
- Convention organizers
- Crew members
- Emergency service providers
- Examiners and evaluators
- Expert witnesses or investigators
- Family members of foreign representatives
- Foreign government officers
- Foreign representatives
- Health-care students
- Judges, referees and similar officials
- Military personnel
- News reporters, film and media crews
- Performing artists
- Public speakers
- Students working on campus
- More information is available from CIC's web page entitled Working temporarily in Canada: Jobs that do not require a work permit.
International Experience Canada (formerly Working Holiday Visas)
International Experience Canada offers British citizens from 18 to 30 years of age the opportunity to do any kind of work, anywhere in Canada, for up to 12 months. The age limit is 35 for the Republic of Ireland.
Please see the section entitled "Eligibility Criteria for the Working Holiday Category" on this page.
Live-in Care Giver Program
This is a program about which there are few enquiries on the BE forum.
If you want to know more about it, you can read the details on the relevant page of CIC's website.