Kamloops

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Introduction

Kamloops is a city in south central British Columbia, Canada, at the confluence of the two branches of the Thompson River and near Kamloops Lake.

It is the seat of the Thompson-Nicola Regional District.

Kamloops is also the Tournament Capital of Canada.

It is ranked 37th on the list of the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada.

Geography and Location

Kamloops is situated at 50°43'N 120°25'W, in the Thompson Valley (UTC-8) and the Mountain Cordillera Ecozone.

The central core of the city is located in the valley near the confluence of the North and South branches of the Thompson River. Suburbs stretch for more than a dozen kilometers along both North and South branches, as well as to the steep hillsides along the south portion of the city.

Kamloops Indian Band areas begin just to the northeast of the downtown core but are not located within the city limits.

Kamloops is surrounded by the smaller communities of Rayleigh, Heffley Creek, Knutsford, Cherry Creek, Pritchard, Campbell Creek, Savona, Scotch Creek, Adams Lake, Chase, and various others, many of which are included in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District (TNRD).

History

First settled by Brandon Davis in 1802, the Kamloops area was exclusively inhabited by the Secwepemc (Shuswap) nation (part of the Interior Salish language group) prior to the arrival of European settlers.

The first European explorers arrived in 1811, and a fur trading post was established by David Stuart in 1812 for the Pacific Fur Company.

This was bought out by the North West Company shortly after, and by 1821, the Hudson's Bay Company had control of the fur trade in Kamloops.

The gold rush of the 1860s and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1880s brought further growth, resulting in the City of Kamloops being incorporated in 1893 with a population of about 500.

"Kamloops" is the anglicized version of the Shuswap word "Tk'emlups", meaning 'meeting of the waters'. Shuswap is still actively spoken in the area by members of the Kamloops Indian Band.

Industry

The industrial base of the Thompson Shuswap is well diversified and has enjoyed job growth in most sectors, especially the service industries. The area is comprised of a very diverse economy and is not dependent on any one industry. According to the Human Resources Skills Development Canada Thompson Shuswap Environmental Scan 2005/2006, Kamloops has a well-educated diverse labour force of more than 49,000 workers (15+) who support a wide range of economic sectors.

The largest portion of the working population in the Kamloops area is employed in the retail trade industry and service sectors. The top four industry sectors by number of workers in the Thompson Shuswap Area are manufacturing (38,000 people working), health care (27,000 people working) construction (24,200 people working) and accommodation, food and beverage (23,500 people working) in these industries.

For further information on the Kamloops Labour force: http://www.venturekamloops.com/labour.htm

Kamloops is also a transportation hub for the region due to its connections to Highways 5 and 97C, the Trans-Canada and Yellowhead Highways. It is the first major city east of Abbotsford on the highway.

Kamloops is home to a small international airport: the main Kamloops Airport runway is 8,000 feet. The expansion project also included upgraded navigation aids, lighting and terminal facilities supporting airport traffic growth. The expansion of the Kamloops Airport was an important step with a $4-million commitment from the provincial government. These improvements allow the airport to accommodate non-stop air service from Central Canada and beyond.


There has also been speculation of an inland rail port.

Climate

The climate of Kamloops is a semi-arid steppe climate (Koppen climate classification BSk) due to its rainshadow location.

While situated in a semi-arid valley, Kamloops has winters that are generally mild and very short with an occasional cold snap where temperatures can drop to around -30°C (-22°F) when arctic air floods over the Rocky Mountains into the interior.

Snow can occur from November to March, but most of it falls over a few weeks in December and January.

Winter mean minimum temperature is -7.6°C (20°F) in January.

Perhaps surprisingly, considering that Kamloops is located at 50° latitude north, summers are quite hot with prevailing dry, and sunny weather.

The average July maximum temperature is 28.3°C (83°F).

In most years, one might confuse this city with any in southern California, as summer temperatures come close to or even exceed 40°C (104°F).

Humidity is generally very low and nighttime temperatures are moderate.

Spring arrives very early, sometimes in February, due to mild air spilling over the coastal mountains from the Pacific Ocean.

Fall is generally a pleasant and a mostly dry season.

Kamloops lies in the "rain shadow" leeward of the Coast Mountains and is biogeographically connected to similar semi-desert and desert areas in the Okanagan region, the Osoyoos area, and the central parts of Washington and Oregon state as well as intermontane areas of Nevada in the U.S.

These areas of relatively similar climate have many distinctive native plants and animals in common, such as Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata), prickly pear cactus (Opuntia fragilis in this case), rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis), Black widow spiders and Lewis's Woodpecker.

Sports

Kamloops was home of the 1993 Canada Summer Games. As listed above, the city is known as, and holds a Canadian Trademark as, the Tournament Capital of Canada.

Sun Peaks Resort is a well-reviewed ski and snowboard hill located nearby. Olympic medalist skier Nancy Greene is director of skiing at Sun Peaks and also the chancellor of Thompson Rivers University. Likewise, the Overlander Ski Club runs the Stake Lake cross country ski area with some 50km of trails.

Kamloops is also home to world-famous mountain biking and many world-famous mountain bikers such as Wade Simmons and Matt Hunter. The Kamloops Bike Ranch just opened near Juniper Ridge.

The Kamloops Rotary Skatepark located at McArthur Island is one of the largest skateboard parks in Canada.

Kamloops is also home to a WHL hockey team, the Kamloops Blazers. It plays at the Interior Savings Centre.

Kamloops (with Vancouver and Kelowna) hosted the 2006 IIHF World U-20 Hockey Championship from December 26, 2005, to January 5, 2006.

It was also the host of the 2006 B.C. Summer Games.

Demographics

(according to Statistics Canada 2001 census)

Population: 86,491

Growth Rate (1996-2001): 1.2%

Total Private Dwellings: 36,807

Area: 297.57 km²

Density: 290.7 people per km²


Visible Minority Status

Total visible minority population (excluding Aboriginal peoples): 4,675

Chinese: 1,000 or 21.3%

South Asian: 1,790 or 38.2%

Black: 340 or 7.2%

Flipino: 305 or 6.5%

Latin America: 130 or 2.7%

Southeast Asian: 150 or 3.2%

Arab: 35 or .74%

West Asian: 30 or .64%

Korean: 150 or 3.2%

Japanese: 690 or 14.7%

Non-classified visible minorities: 10 or .21%

Mulitiple visible minorites: 45 or .96%


Religious Groups

35.0% Protestant

19.2% Roman Catholic

6.0% other Christian

3.2% Islam

36.6% Other religion or no religion


Media

Radio

AM 610 - CHNL, classic hits

FM 92.5 - CFBX, Thompson Rivers University campus radio

FM 94.1 - CBYK, CBC Radio One

FM 96.5 - CBUF-6, La Première Chaîne

FM 97.5 - CKRV, hot adult contemporary

FM 98.3 - CIFM, active rock

FM 100.1 - CKBZ, classic hits

FM 101.9 - CBPL, Weatheradio Canada

FM 103.1 - CJKC, country

FM 105.3 - CBU-4, CBC Radio Two

Television

Channel 7: CFJC, Independent

Channel 8: CHKM, Global

Channel 50: CBUFT-2, SRC

Print

The city's main daily newspaper is the Kamloops Daily News.

The city is also home to Kamloops This Week, a thrice-weekly free newspaper.

Education

Public Schools

Public schools in the Kamloops area are part of School District 73 Kamloops/Thompson.

Elementary Schools (Grades K-6 or K-7)

Aberdeen Elementary School,

AE Perry Elementary School,

Arthur Hatton Elementary School,

Arthur Stevenson Elementary School,

Beattie School of the Arts,

Bert Edwards Elementary School,

Dallas Elementary School,

David Thompson Elementary School,

Dufferin Elementary School,

George Hilliard Elementary School,

Heffley Creek Elementary School,

John Tod Elementary School,

Juniper Ridge Elementary School,

Kamloops/Thompson Virtual School,

Kay Bingham Elementary School,

Lloyd George Elementary School,

Marion Shilling Elementary School,

McGowan Park Elementary School,

McQueen Lake Elementary School,

Pacific Way Elementary School,

Parkcrest Elementary School,

Pinantan Elementary School,

Ralph Bell Elementary School,

Rayleigh Elementary School,

R.L Clemitson Elementary School,

South Sa-hali Elementary School,

Stuart Wood Elementary School,

Summit Elementary School,

Westmount Elementary School.

Secondary (Grades 10-12 or 8-12)

Brocklehurst Secondary School,

Kamloops/Thompson Virtual School,

NorKam Secondary School,

Sa-hali Secondary School,

South Kamloops Secondary School,

Twin Rivers Education Centre,

Valleyview Secondary School,

Westsyde Secondary School.

Post-Secondary

Kamloops is home to Thompson Rivers University, an undergraduate degree-granting university with satellite campuses in Clearwater, Barriere, Chase, Williams Lake, 100 Mile House, Cache Creek, Ashcroft, and Lillooet.

TRU also has an open-distance learning division.

TRU has begun to offer MBA programs in addition to undergraduate degrees.

Kamloops is also home to a satellite campus of Simon Fraser University.

Neighbourhoods

http://www.britishcolumbia.com/images/Maps/Regions/bc/town_kamloops.gif

Most of the neighbourhoods below are listed here in alphabetical order with the option to post questions and answers.

West End

Monte Creek/Rivershore

Dallas

Barnhartvale

Valleyview

Juniper Ridge

Rose Hill

South Shore - includes City Centre / Downtown and all other neighbourhoods south of the river.

Peterson Creek

Upper Sahali

Lower Sahali

Aberdeen

Mount Dufferin

Versatile

Southgate

Mission Flats

Knutsford

North Shore

Brocklehurst

MacArthur Island

Batchelor Heights

Westsyde

Westmount

Sun Rivers

Kamloops Junction

Rayleigh

Heffley Creek

Campbell Creek

Sun Peaks Resort

Paul Lake

Pinantan Lake

White Croft

External links

http://www.kamloops.ca/index.shtml

Kamloops, British Columbia - Detailed City Profile - Good source of information for Kamloops (weather, demographics, employments, etc.)

http://www.venturekamloops.com/

http://www.tourismkamloops.com/

http://www.kamrail.com/

http://www.kamloopsbc.com/parks.htm

http://www.newskamloops.com/

http://www.kamloopstrails.net/ - very extensive resource for hiking trails in the area.