Gold Coast, Queensland
The Gold Coast lifestyle is Amazing! with miles of beaches,amazing green rainforests, and a booming business economy! No wonder it is the first choice of many new migrants to Australia! Gold Coast is a city and local government area in the southeast corner of Queensland, Australia. It is the second most populous city in the state and the sixth most populous city in the country. Gold Coast is renowned for its sunny subtropical climate, popular surfing beaches, expansive waterway and canal systems, a skyline dominated by high-rise apartment buildings, active nightlife and a wide array of tourist attractions. Aboriginal people inhabited the greater Gold Coast region prior to European settlement, with some archaeological evidence suggesting their custodianship of the land extended back 23,000 years.
Captain James Cook was the first European to note the region when he sailed along the coast on May 16, 1770 in the HM Bark Endeavour. This exploration was however focussed on areas south of Gold Coast region in the northern rivers of New South Wales.
Captain Matthew Flinders, an explorer charting the continent north from the colony of New South Wales, sailed past in 1802. The region remained uninhabited by Europeans until 1823 when explorer John Oxley landed at Mermaid Beach, which was named after his boat, a cutter named Mermaid.
The hinterland's red cedar supply attracted large numbers of people to the area in the mid 1800s. The western suburb of Nerang was surveyed and established as a base for the industry. Later in 1875, Southport was surveyed and established and quickly grew a reputation as a secluded holiday destination for the upper class Brisbane residents.
In 1925, tourism to the area grew rapidly when Jim Cavill established the Surfers Paradise Hotel. The population grew steadily to support the tourism industry and by the 1940s, real estate speculators and journalists were referring to the area as the "Gold Coast". The true origin of the name is still debatable. The name "Gold Coast" was officially proclaimed in 1958 when the South Coast Town Council was renamed "Gold Coast Town Council".
During the 1970s, high-rises began to dominate the area now know as Surfers Paradise and later in 1981 the airport was established. In 1994 the Gold Coast City Council and the Shire of Albert amalgamated to create new city boundaries under the administration of the City of Gold Coast Council. Gold Coast City stretches from Beenleigh on the southern fringe of Logan City, for approximately 60km (38 miles) south to Coolangatta situated on the New South Wales border, and extends west to the foothills of the Great Dividing Range in World Heritage listed Lamington National Park. Tweed Heads and sections of Beaudesert are also commonly referred to as being a part of 'The Gold Coast' region. However, they do not fall into the statistical boundaries of Gold Coast City.
The Gold Coast is situated in the southeast corner of Queensland, to the south of Brisbane, the state capital. Due to continuous development in south-east Queensland over the past 30 years, the Gold Coast/Beenleigh/Logan City/Brisbane region is now a conurbation. The Gold Coast officially stretches from the south end of Logan City and Russell Island to the border with New South Wales. The southernmost town is Coolangatta which includes Point Danger and its lighthouse. Coolangatta is a twin city with Tweed Heads located directly across the border. At 28.1667° S 153.55° E, this is the most easterly point on the Queensland mainland (Point Lookout on the offshore island of North Stradbroke is slightly further east).
From Coolangatta, approximately forty kilometres of holiday resorts and surfing beaches stretch north to the suburb of Main Beach, and then further on Stradbroke Island. The suburbs of Southport and Surfers Paradise form the Gold Coast's commercial centre (latitude about 27.7 degrees south). The administrative area of the Gold Coast City Council (Gold Coast City Council Website) continues north up to and including Beenleigh.
The major river in the area is the Nerang River. Much of the land between the coastal strip and the hinterland was once wetlands drained by this river, but the swamps have been converted into manmade waterways (over 260 km, or over 9 times that of Venice, Italy) and artificial islands covered in upmarket homes. The heavily developed coastal strip sits on a narrow barrier sandbar between these waterways and the sea.
To the west, the city is bordered by a part of the Great Dividing Range commonly referred to as the 'Gold Coast hinterland'. A 206 km² section of the mountain range is protected by Lamington National Park and has been listed as a World Heritage area in recognition of its "outstanding geological features displayed around shield volcanic craters and the high number of rare and threatened rainforest species". The area is popular among bushwalkers and day-trippers.
The Gold Coast is one of Australia's fastest growing cities. Located approximately one hour's drive south of Brisbane, this natural wonderland is home to approximately 400,000 permanent residents and haven to an additional 4 million visitors a year.
Blessed with stunning powder-white beaches, emerald rainforest and a lifestyle that attracts more than 18,000 new residents annually, the Gold Coast holds many surprises for new arrivals and an abundance of attractions that's second to none.
Residents can enjoy amenities of a standard found in larger cities. Fabulous canal-side homes bear testimony to a shared desire to enjoy life, rather than simply endure it. New residential developments are being built in northern suburbs such as Coomera, Jacobs Ridge and Ormeau, with additional developments to the west in the Hinterland.
Of these, many of the city's developments are award-winning, setting the standard for environmentally-sensitive Australian development. Of particular note are Currumbin EcoVillage, Coomera Waters and Calypso Bay.
A wide range of educational options exists, with a training sector that attracts international students to the city's four universities, one of which is Australia's largest private university; Bond.
Underpinning the Gold Coast's robust growth is the tourism sector, which remains the city's primary economic driver. This is balanced by additional industry sectors in boat building, biotechnology, ICT, film and food/ wine production.