New Zealanders Rights in Australia
The rights of New Zealand citizens in Australia have been reduced by Australian government legislation over the years, most recently in 2001.
There are some eligible New Zealand citizens who are still, for most purposes, treated as Australian permanent residents. Generally, only those in Australia in the 1999-2001 period have a chance to qualify, per Form 1162
New Zealand citizens who are not "eligible" may still live, work and study freely in Australia. However, unless they apply for and obtain a permanent Australian immigration visa, they face a number of significant limitations:
Due to the preferential access to the Australian labour market, it is straightforward for many New Zealanders to obtain permanent visas through general skilled or employer nominated residence. However, it can be difficult or impossible for less skilled or older (45+) New Zealanders.
New Zealand permanent residents (who are not New Zealand citizens), are not entitled to any special access to Australia and must qualify for visas like anyone else.