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[edit] Editing basics

[edit] Review policy and conventions

Make sure that you submit information which is relevant to the specific purpose of the wiki, or your content might be deleted.

[edit] Start editing

To start editing a wiki page, click the Edit this page (or just edit) link at one of its edges. This brings you to the edit page: a page with a text box containing the wikitext - the editable code from which the server produces the finished page.

[edit] Type your changes

You can just type your text. However, also using basic wiki markup (described in the next section) to make links and do simple formatting adds to the value of your contribution. This wiki have style guidelines available. If you follow these, your contributions will be more valuable as they won't need to be cleaned up later.

[edit] Summarize your changes

Write a short edit summary in the small field below the edit-box. You may use shorthand to describe your changes, as described in the edit summary legend.

[edit] Preview before saving

When you have finished, click Show preview to see how your changes will look before you make them permanent. Repeat the edit/preview process until you are satisfied, then click Save page and your changes will be immediately applied to the article.

[edit] Formatting

[edit] Wikitext

You can format the page using Wikitext special characters.

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special -- there are just ' left over ones' that are included as part of the text.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2 
apostrophes on each side. 

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''. 

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize 
'''''the text'''''.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything
special -- <br> there are just ''''left
over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout.

A single newline
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does'' 
affect the layout.

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a link or 
''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line 
and close it on the next.

[edit] HTML Tags

You can use some HTML tags too. For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see HTML in wikitext. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.


What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is 
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O

Centered text
  • Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>

The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent 
both margins when needed instead of the 
left margin only as the colon does.  

</blockquote>

[edit] Organize Your Writing

What it looks like What you type
Section headings

Headings organize your writing into sections. The Wiki software can automatically generate a table of contents from them.

Subsection

Using more "equals" (=) signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

''Headings'' organize your writing into 
sections. The Wiki software can automatically 
generate a [[table of contents]] from them.

=== Subsection ===

Using more "equals" (=) signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels, 
like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 
because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.
  • Unordered lists are easy to do:
    • Start every line with a star.
      • More stars indicate a deeper level.
    Previous item continues.
    • A newline
  • in a list

marks the end of the list.

  • Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
*: Previous item continues.
** A newline
* in a list  
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.
  1. Numbered lists are:
    1. Very organized
    2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

  1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.

Here's a definition list:

Word 
Definition of the word
A longer phrase needing definition
Phrase defined
A word 
Which has a definition
Also a second one
And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Here's a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; A longer phrase needing definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; 
a newline can appear before the colon, but 
using a space before the colon improves 
parsing.
  • You can even do mixed lists
    1. and nest them
    2. inside each other
      • or break lines
        in lists.
      definition lists
      can be
      nested 
      too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be 
*#:; nested : too
A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Often used for discussion on talk pages.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.


But you should usually use sections instead, so that they go in the table of contents.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,
so that they go in the table of contents.

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see Wikipedia:Footnotes and Help:Footnotes.

You can add footnotes to sentences using
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]]
and [[Help:Footnotes]].

[edit] Links

You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named Official position. You can even say official positions and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
You can even say [[official position]]s
and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link. Example: Wikipedia.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.

The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so wikipedia goes to the same place as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.

The weather in London is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[The weather in London]] is a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".

You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in parentheses or text after a comma does not appear.


*[[Help:Link|About Links]]
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
Cities in Morocco]]

*[[Spinning (textiles)|]]
*[[Boston, Massachusetts|]]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@example.com or someone

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
mailto:someone@example.com or 
[mailto:someone@example.com someone]

You can redirect the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Official position]]

Category links do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:English documentation

[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
listed in the category.''

Add an extra colon to ''link'' to a category in line
without causing the page to be listed in the category:
[[:Category:English documentation]]

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format in your
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
* [[1969-07-20]]
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]


[edit] Images, tables, video, and sounds

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

This will produce the syntax for uploading a file [[Image:filename.png]]

This is a very quick introduction.

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

This Wiki's logo

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

This Wiki's logo
This Wiki's logo
A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|This Wiki's logo]]

The image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This Wiki's logo]]

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image: Image:Globes.jpg

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Globes.jpg

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]

Use media: links to link directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link 
directly to sounds or videos: 
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]
This is
a table
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" 
cellpadding="5" align="center"
! This
! is
|- 
| a
| table
|-
|}

[edit] How to start a new page

[edit] Creating an empty page

To create a new page type the new page name in the url bar. E.g. Start with:- http://britishexpats.com/wiki/ and then add the name of the page you wish to create:- http://britishexpats.com/wiki/joebloggs

Always remember that navigation of a wiki is very important, therefore it is better to create the link to the new page on an already established page. So if you wanted to add a new page and link to it from "Spain Lifestyle" page you would go to "Spain Lifestyle", click edit and then type in [[joeblogs]] and your new page would be created. You could then click on you link go to your new page, click the "edit" tab and add content to your new page.

[edit] Sub-Category

[edit] How to add a sub-category

When you create a new page you can link it to a category page and it will automatically show that page as a sub-section.

Eg. After adding Category:Qatar City Guide as a new page, I then clicked on the edit tab and entered [[Category:Middle East City Guides]] then saved it and it automatically added that page as a sub-category of Middle East City Guides.


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